The land of five rivers and golden harvests. Punjab is said to be the granary of India. Being the border state it has been hearing the brunt of the foreign invasions from times immemorial. It is also believed that the Arya came first to this region from the Mid-Asian region. The Partition of this vast chunk of land into India and Pakistan made this region suffer most. But then it rose like a phoenix from its ashes to the height of prosperity and progress hitherto unknown.
Its capital is Chandigarh which it shares with Haryana; area about 50,362 sq. miles; population around 2,42,89,296 language spoken is predominantly Punjabi and climate is extreme cold in winters and hot in summers, like Haryana. Its people are very hardworking, robust and exuberance and they know how to enjoy life. Punjab, the home of some of India’s finest fighting forces, is rich in culture, folk arts and history. Hut from visitor’s point of view, not much to offer. The capital city Chandigarh, and Amritsar, the great centre of Sikh pilgrimage, are the two main tourists, attractions.
Punjab Tourism Information
With the partition of india in 1947, the Punjabh’s capital city Lahore went to Pakistan, and then a new capital was built at Chandigarh. This city was christened after Chandi or Durga Devi, is a prosperous and a modern, well planned city. It is actually a Union Territory housing the capitals of both Haryana and the Punjab. When Haryana is able to build its own capital, this city shall he transferred to Punjab.
This great centre of Sikkhism literally means “The Pool of Nectar”. Guru Ram Das had received a piece of land from Emperor Akbar as a gift. Within the limits of this land, the Guru, the fourth in the lineage, dug a reservoir in 1557, since well-known as Amritsar. But the temple and the small village was then known as Ramdaspur, after its founder. Ram Das was succeeded by his son Guru Arjun Dev; during the latter’s time this sleepy and obscure hamlet with its “Pool of Nectar” became a populous city and a great place of pilgrimage of the Sikh faith.
Nearby the Golden Temple is the historic Jalianwala Bagh, a memorial garden. It was here that in 1919 General Dyer massacred more than 2,000 unarmed and defenseless Indians who had collected there in a meeting. The event proved a turning point in the Indian National Movement for Independence. A flame like memorial has recently been erected here in the garden in memory of the martyrs. The well into which people jumped to escape the bullets is still there. One can also see the bullet marks in the walls around, After the tragic incident the things were never the same for British and ultimately they had to grant Independence to India in 1947.
Rain Bagh Garden
Ram Bagh is a beautiful garden outside the old walled city. It contains a place built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1799-1839). The palace is now turned into a small museum which houses some fine portraits of the rulers of the Punjab and also weapons dating back to medieval period of history.
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