The Cheras

The present day kerala and western parts of Tamil Nadu were known as Chera country in those days. Vanji was the Chera Capital. The greatest Chera king was Senguttuvan. He invaded North India by crossing river Ganges. The Chera emblem was bow. Tondi and Musiri were their ports.

The Cholas

The kingdom of Cholas mainly consisted of Tiruchi and Thanjavur regions in Tamilnadu. Karikala was the greatest ruler of the ancient Cholas. Uraiyur was their capital and Kaveripoompattinam served as their port. The tiger was the emblem of the Cholas. Karikala built Kallanai across the river Kaveri near Tiruchirappalli.

The Pandyas

The Pandyan Kingdom comprised the regions of Madurai, Ramanathapuram and Tirunelveli in Southern Tamilnadu.

Madurai was the capital of the Pandyas. Korkai was their port. The fish was the emblem of the Pandyas. The greatest Pandya king was Nedunchezhian, He defeated the Chera, Chola and a number of Minor Chieftains at Thalayalangaflam. So he was known as Thalayalanganathu Seruveridra (victor of Thalayalanganam) Nedunchezhian. The Maduraikanchi gives a full description of Madurai and the Pandyan country under Neduchezhian’s rule.

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